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What is Temporo Mandibular Joint (TMJ)?

TMJ stands for Temporo Mandibular Joint that is located just in front of the ear on either side of the head. The Temporo Mandibular Joints and surrounding ligaments & muscles hold the mandible (lower jawbone), to the temporal bone of the skull. Discs between each joint cushion the bones of the joints for smooth, painless movement. The TMJs allow motions of the jaw for eating, speaking, and making facial expressions. The TMJs are two of the most used and complex joints in the body.

TMJ image


What are the Symptoms of TMJ?

Symptoms vary and can include the following:

  • Jaw joint pain                       
  • Face pain
  • Ear pain or ringing (tinnitus)
  • Headaches                
  • Tooth pain or grinding teeth
  • Tingling extremities
  • Neck, shoulder, and back pain
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome

Although these symptoms are painful and irritating, there is currently no proof that any of these symptoms will lead to greater problems. 


What Causes TMJ?

There is no one specific cause of TMJ. In many cases, there may be no clear source for the condition. However, there is a wide range of potential factors, including:

  • Cartilage wear and tear
  • Dislocated TMJs
  • Clenching and grinding teeth                     
  • Misaligned bite/malocclusion
  • Arthritis.
  • Hormones
  • Injury
  • Birth conditions such as forceps and problems at birth


What is the best treatment for TMD?

I love working with the TMJ. So many of my clients that come in with neck and shoulder pain, I will always check their jaw and inevitably do TMJ work on them. This involves doing some soft tissue work inside of the mouth, in and around the sinus areas and working within the soft tissue cavities at the TMJ area, mainly by the ear. Sometimes I’ll go into the ear and very gently feel where the jaw is sat and do some very gentle manipulation too. Makes a huge difference to people who suffer with tinnitus or ongoing headaches, migraines and shoulder pain! 

All this is available at our clinic at Shelley Manor Medical Centre.

Contact Amanda to discuss your options on amanda@intulohealth.com or ring 01202 443892 to book your appointment with Amanda or Rachel.